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Diabetic Eye Disease & Glaucoma

Diabetic Eye Disease & Glaucoma

Glaucoma

About Diabetic Eye Disease

If you have diabetes, you are at risk for diabetic eye disease. Eye diseases that fall into this broad category include diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.

Diabetic Retinopathy

This is the most common cause of vision loss in people with diabetes and is the leading cause of vision impairment in working-age adults. Diabetic retinopathy affects the retina, which lines the back of the eye.
Although anyone can develop cataracts, they are far more common in adults with diabetes. They also develop sooner in diabetic people than people without diabetes. Cataracts cloud the usually clear lens within the eye.
In addition to cataracts, adults with diabetes are at nearly twice the risk for developing glaucoma. The term glaucoma can actually refer to several diseases that affect the eye’s optic nerve. This is the nerve that connects the eye to the brain. Many types of glaucoma involve elevated pressure within the eye.  (See more about glaucoma below).
A few symptoms of diabetic retinopathy may include; decreased night vision, blurry vision and floaters.  The condition can typically be diagnosed by an ophthalmologist during an eye exam before noticeable vision symptoms occur.
Treatments for diabetic retinopathy vary, however, early detection will allow for more treatment options.  The best way to preserve good vision is to vigilantly control blood-sugar levels,  If you suffer from diabetes it is very important to have regular eye exams to monitor for diabetic retinopathy and other complications.

More About Glaucoma

In a nutshell, glaucoma damages the eye’s optic nerve. Most of the time, glaucoma results when fluid builds up in the front of the eye. The increase in fluid causes more pressure, which affects the optic nerve. Even though glaucoma can lead to blindness, with early treatment it is preventable.

Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

Being the most common type of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma occurs slowly and is a result of fluid not draining properly from the eye. This is similar to a clogged drain in plumbing. There is no pain or vision change during the initial part of this developing process.

Angle-Closure Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma is not as common as primary open-angle glaucoma, but it does affect many people. When someone’s iris is too close to the drainage angle of the eye, it can block fluid from draining properly. This causes the same fluid buildup and pressure as the first type of glaucoma and can negatively impact the optic nerve.

Give Us a Call

If you suspect you have any form of glaucoma, contact us immediately so we can get you the treatment that you need. Glaucoma can lead to blindness if it is not treated early.